Wednesday, April 6, 2022

Water management for banana

Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil through various systems of tubes, pumps, and sprays. Irrigation is usually used in areas where rainfall is irregular or dry times or drought is expected.

Moisture-loving banana plants need plenty of water to produce bountiful bunches of fruit. Water management in a banana plantation aims at finding a balance between the soil’s water content and the needs of the plant.

The banana's large leaves require a large amount of water to remain healthy. Rainfall may be enough to water banana plants on wet days, but in warm, sunny weather, it will probably need to water them.

An irrigation system should be designed to apply water evenly over the entire planted area of the plantation. The total water requirement of banana plants is about 900-1200 mm for its entire life cycle and this can be met both through natural precipitation (rainfall) as well as supplementary irrigation.

In general, irrigation of the banana plantations every 3- 4 day during hot period and at 7-8 days interval during cool weather is recommended.

Water greatly affects the growth and development of plants, yield and fruit quality. Banana drip irrigation system is a method that has been used extensively on plants in many countries to provide water for plants instead of other irrigation systems. If there is not enough water, banana trees can grow stunted, yield and quality are reduced.
Water management for banana

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